RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science

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OVERVIEW 計算科学研究機構とは

Advanced Visualization Research Team

Development of Supporting Technologies for Large-Scale Parallel Simulations

Besides simulation codes, supporting tools and libraries have played an important role in large-scale parallel simulations. For instance, they are used to extract meaningful information from the simulation results in order to facilitate the understanding of the underlying physical phenomena, or they can provide better feedback during an engineering design process. Some examples of these essential supporting technologies are the computational grid generator, scientific visualization software, and data I/O management libraries. As the scale of simulations increasess, and when striving for better precision and performance, these supporting tools and libraries are required to scale accordingly to match the main parallel simulation codes. Taking this into consideration, we are developing supporting tools and libraries targeting production- level simulation codes developed for the K computer, and we are also making them available to the computational science community in an effort to help promote the practical usage of large-scale simulations.

Our software development includes: (1) a large-scale parallel visualization system (HIVE); (2) a performance monitoring library (PMlib); (3) a performance visualization system (TRAiL); (4) a parallel data I/O management library (xDMlib); and (5) a workflow management system (WHEEL).

It is worth noting that these new supporting tools and libraries are being developed as cross-platform software products targeting easy portability, maintenance, and a long-term development cycle. Therefore, besides the K computer, they are designed to run on most of the major computer systems, and also the Post-K computer system.

Recent Achievements

Large-scale parallel visualization system with flexible usage modes
Unlike numerical simulation, visualization simulation needs and requirements can greatly vary from user to user, and usually there is no standard rule or procedure for executing the visual analysis of a given simulation result. Considering the heterogeneous hardware systems involved in an HPC environment, we developed a large-scale parallel visualization system named HIVE (Heterogeneously Integrated Visual-analytics System), which flexibly supports different usage modes: local or remote; batch or interactive; and post-hoc or in-situ visualization modes.

HIVE uses a highly scalable parallel ray tracer as the rendering engine, which is also capable of handling user-defined fragment-level shader codes (written in OpenGL ES Shading Language 2.0) to enhance visual quality and representation. HIVE also provides a Web-based graphical workspace for preparing the necessary visualization pipeline, and for interactive visual exploration on local machines.
HIVE also adopts the sort-last parallel rendering approach where the distributed rendered images are gathered and merged via a scalable parallel image-compositing library, in order to generate the final image. We confirmed the scalability of the HIVE system by rendering an ultra-high-resolution (32K) image utilizing all computational nodes of the K computer. We will continue development by adding new functionalities and increasing the number of supported data formats.

Software architecture of HIVE visualization system

Team Leader Kenji Ono

Team Leader
Kenji Ono

Biography: Detail
Annual Report

FY2015 RIKEN AICS Annual Report
(PDF 2.23MB)
FY2014 RIKEN AICS Annual Report
(PDF 2.65MB)
FY2013 RIKEN AICS Annual Report
(PDF 1.29MB)
FY2012 RIKEN AICS Annual Report
(PDF 4.43MB)